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#1 Kay

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Posted 05 April 2011 - 03:05 AM

Thought this interesting:

Science Fiction Studies

#82 = Volume 27, Part 3 = November 2000

http://www.jstor.org/pss/4240921

However, the full content is available here on-line.

The varying opinions of Neanderthal and what was thought and changed along the way including fiction writers:

Charles DePaolo

Wells, Golding, and Auel: Representing the Neanderthal

Drawing upon the fossil records, the study of human origins and early development has necessarily been accretive, indefinite, and equivocal. All the writers of paleoanthropological fiction I survey here studied carefully the available scientific research. Wells, Golding, and Auel do not misread source material so much as reflect the historical development of the disciplines from which they are extrapolating.

In this essay, I analyze the contradictory theories about Neanderthal man that are reflected in H.G. Wells’s “The Grisly Folk” (1921), William Golding’s The Inheritors (1955), and Jean Auel’s The Clan of the Cave Bear (1980). All three use the scientific thinking about Neanderthal that was current in their day.

Wells’s Ogre. Although David C. Smith has noted that Wells may have inspired more recent novelists, such as Jean Auel and Jorgen Kirsten, to investigate this question in their fiction (74), most literary scholars interested in the scientific content of H.G. Wells’s work, such as Haynes, Huntington, and Reed, have not treated in sufficient depth his writings on human evolution.1 This is surprising, for Wells wrote two short stories on this topic (“A Story of the Stone Age” [1899] and “The Grisly Folk”); he also theorized about the subject in The Outline of History ([1920]; I.63-143) and The Science of Life ([1929]; 1.405-24; 3.796-822).


Continued here:

http://www.depauw.ed...82/depaolo.html
"seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness" Matthew 6:33

#2 Kay

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Posted 10 May 2011 - 03:55 AM

From Today's:

ScienceNOW Daily Email Alert

Were Neandertals and Modern Humans Just Ships in the Night?

by Michael Balter on 9 May 2011, 3:01 PM

Researchers have long debated how long Neandertals stuck around after modern humans invaded their home territories in Europe and Asia around 40,000 years ago. Some say as long as 10,000 years; others think Neandertals went extinct almost immediately. A new radiocarbon dating study of a Neandertal site in Russia concludes that the latter scenario is most likely, and that Neandertals and modern humans were probably like ships in the night. But don’t expect this to be the last word on this contentious subject.

Neandertals and modern humans likely encountered one another at least twice during prehistory. The first time was at least 80,000 years ago in the Near East, as evidenced by findings of both Neandertal and modern human bones in caves in Israel. But the moderns, who came up from Africa, apparently did not venture any farther than the Near East at that time, possibly due to competition from the Neandertals who were then occupying much of Europe and Asia.


Two, interesting Comments:

Wil Roebroeks, an archaeologist at Leiden University in the Netherlands, applauds the results: “These dates ... strongly suggest that the hypothesis of a suggested overlap of 10,000 years between Neandertals and modern humans is falsified.”


and

This paper is a typical example of the speculative extrapolation that ... archaeologists and anthropologists often do,” Finlayson says. “It does not mean that Neandertals did not survive elsewhere, especially in southern refugia.”


Article in Full and in Context here:

Science NOW
"seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness" Matthew 6:33

#3 Kay

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Posted 25 September 2012 - 04:00 AM

Time for another update, as it has been a while but much happening - the changing image of Neanderthals:

17 September 2012 Last updated at 21:21 GMT

Neanderthals Used Feathers as 'Personal Ornaments'

By Paul Rincon

Science editor, BBC News website

"Our evolutionary cousins the Neanderthals were harvesting feathers from birds in order to use them as personal ornaments, a study suggests.

The authors say the result provides yet more evidence that Neanderthal thinking ability was similar to our own.

The analysis even suggests they had a preference for dark feathers, which they selected from birds of prey and corvids - such as ravens and rooks.

Details of the research appear in Plos One journal.

Numerous tribal peoples from history have also adorned themselves with feathers, and the authors stress that they are not suggesting we learned the practice from Neanderthals.

Feather ornamentation could in fact go back even further, to a common ancestor of modern humans and Neanderthals."

Continued

The BBC site, note the artists impression:

"Our views of Neanderthals have come a long way since this representation was painted in 1909"

and what is represented to a public for years as accurate.

Another case of leaping before looking (knowing)?
"seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness" Matthew 6:33




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