Our discussion began on the topic of mediator in Scriptures and investigated whether Moses mediated the Old Covenant in the same way as Christ mediated the New Covenant. My conclusion is that the role that Moses played is not functionally equivalent with that of Christ and I have provided ample evidence from Scripture to back up this conclusion.
You have digressed from the discussion from the topic of mediator to a discussion about the Old Covenant. Of course the two subjects are closely related for in order to understand the role of mediation you need to understand the difference between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant.
It is obvious from your posts that you do not understand the difference between the Old and New Covenants and this is what prevents you understanding the different roles that Moses and Jesus played in the respective covenants.
You make a number of contradictory claims in your posts.
Being aware that there is only one covenant by which the inheritance and all that it includes can be attained does not change the other covenant by which the inheritance cannot be attained
Both covenants offered….. immortality by resurrection…..
The fact is that both Covenants did not offer immortality and resurrection
Now are you telling me that if anyone kept this covenant he would still die?
Yes, Jesus kept the whole of the Old Covenant…..he did not break one command……he kept the whole Law……he was perfect……….yet the Law (the Old Covenant….the Law of Moses)…..cursed Christ (Gal.3:10-13). Christ the righteous one…..the law keeper…..was cursed by the law and he died.
The Old Covenant brought death not life….the most it promised was that “which if a man do, he shall live in (by NKJ) them” (Lev18:5)………if you kept the Law you had the promise of a long life “that you may prolong your
days in the land” (Deut 4:40), you did not have the promise of eternal life.
Paul makes it clear that the Law brought death:
For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were aroused by the law were at work in our members to bear fruit to death.(Rom.7:5)
The commandment (Law – Old Covenant) did not bring “life” it brought “death”:
And the commandment, which was
life, I found to bring
So your theory about both covenants promising eternal life is not supported by Scripture.
That covenant had nothing to do with faith, it was of works. That covenant mentions nothing about being in combination with the covenant of promise by faith
You are right, the Old Covenant (Law) was a covenant of “works” but that does not mean that it had “nothing to do with promises”. Everything in the Law foreshadowed Christ from the typology of the Tabernacle, to the sacrifice of the Passover Lamb, to the constant offerings, the Day of Atonement (with the scapegoat and goat for YHWH), the red heifer, the offerings…. etc etc etc…….all pointed to Christ…the son of the Promise.
Paul says that the Law was a school teacher……..
Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us
Therefore, any Jew who thought that the Law had nothing to do with Christ or with the promises to Abraham, David, etc…….had not been paying attention in class!
So, although the Law was based on “works” if it was kept in a spirit of faithful anticipation for the coming Messiah (that the whole Law pointed towards) then the Law breaker could be forgiven (even the worst infringements). King David committed murder and adultery. Under the Law there was no pardon for these crimes. Yet David was forgiven…because he knew that there was nothing he could sacrifice (Psalm 51:16
For You do not desire sacrifice, or else I would give it)……
David realised that only God could provide the sacrifice……..his Son (and David’s Son)…..the Son promised to Abraham and to David (2 Sam7). So it was faith in the Promise that saved David not the Law…….the law can only condemn and bring death. However, the Law did point forward to Christ and the Law was just and Holy…….but made ineffectual by the weakness of man.
Conclusion: The Law brought death….the Law pointed to Christ…the Law of works could only be properly kept with a faithful eye on the lessons that it taught, namely, that men deserved to die and that God would provide a sacrifice for sin….the descendant promised to Abraham and David. So the Law and the Promise are linked.
There is no advantage for them to enter that covenant if it means what you say.
The best answer to this is to read and try to understand Paul’s argument in Romans 3 (I have done an exposition of this chapter for the eJournal but I will not post it here....I have simply pasted the chapter for you to read....see if you can understand as Paul answers the very question that you posed):1 What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew
, or what value is there in circumcision? 2
Much in every way! First of all, the Jews have been entrusted with the very words of God. 3
What if some were unfaithful? Will their unfaithfulness nullify God’s faithfulness? 4
Not at all! Let God be true, and every human being a liar. As it is written:
“So that you may be proved right when you speak
and prevail when you judge.”[a] 5
But if our unrighteousness brings out God’s righteousness more clearly, what shall we say? That God is unjust in bringing his wrath on us? (I am using a human argument.) 6
Certainly not! If that were so, how could God judge the world? 7
Someone might argue, “If my falsehood enhances God’s truthfulness and so increases his glory, why am I still condemned as a sinner?” 8
Why not say—as some slanderously claim that we say—“Let us do evil that good may result”? Their condemnation is just! No One Is Righteous 9
What shall we conclude then? Do we have any advantage? Not at all! For we have already made the charge that Jews and Gentiles alike are all under the power of sin. 10
As it is written:
“There is no one righteous, not even one; 11
there is no one who understands;
there is no one who seeks God.12
All have turned away,
they have together become worthless;
there is no one who does good,
not even one.”[b]13
“Their throats are open graves;
their tongues practice deceit.”[c]
“The poison of vipers is on their lips.”[d] 14
“Their mouths are full of cursing and bitterness.”[e]15
“Their feet are swift to shed blood; 16
ruin and misery mark their ways,17
and the way of peace they do not know.”[f] 18
“There is no fear of God before their eyes.”[g] 19
Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God. 20
Therefore no one will be declared righteous in God’s sight by the works of the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of our sin. Righteousness Through Faith 21
But now apart from the law the righteousness of God has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify. 22
This righteousness is given through faith in[h]
Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference between Jew and Gentile, 23
for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24
and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. 25
God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement,[i]
through the shedding of his blood—to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished— 26
he did it to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus. 27
Where, then, is boasting? It is excluded. Because of what law? The law that requires works? No, because of the law that requires faith. 28
For we maintain that a person is justified by faith apart from the works of the law. 29
Or is God the God of Jews only? Is he not the God of Gentiles too? Yes, of Gentiles too, 30
since there is only one God, who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through that same faith. 31
Do we, then, nullify the law by this faith? Not at all! Rather, we uphold the law.Footnotes: