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#1 Kay

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Posted 01 January 2014 - 02:28 AM

Thread:

Archaeological News

News items relating to recent discoveries in other countries (uncategorised) including the Jews and Jewish Nation and up-dates of past discoveries. 


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#2 Kay

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Posted 03 January 2014 - 08:44 AM

Money Talks When Ancient Antioch Meets Google Earth

UC research puts a high-tech spin on studying the ancient world in a project that could affect how historians analyze data. WATCH as Google Earth zooms along the boundaries of ancient Antioch in 30 seconds.

Date: 1/2/2014 9:45:00 AM

"There's a map of an ancient Syrian trade route that shows how one city's political sway extended farther than once thought.

This map isn't a time-worn and mysterious etching on a stone tablet. Turns out it's easily found on a different type of tablet – the kind with apps.

With the swipe of a finger, the University of Cincinnati's Kristina Neumann can zoom along the boundaries of ancient Antioch during the beginning of Roman takeover thanks to the modern cartography of Google Earth software. The simplicity with which she flicks across the Middle Eastern landscape belies the depth of information available at her fingertips and the effort that's gone into her research.

"I trace the process of change by working with historical proxies, in this case coins," says Neumann, a doctoral candidate in the McMicken College of Arts & Sciences Department of Classics. "I created my own database from previously published excavation reports and lists of coin hoards, and imported it to Google Earth. My criteria are so detailed that I can see all the coins for a particular emperor or of a particular material."

She hopes this visual, interactive way of presenting the ancient world inspires other historians to get more creative in today's "there's an app for that" world."

 

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#3 Kay

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Posted 19 January 2014 - 04:07 AM

NGSBA Archaeology

ISSN 2227-9008

"NGSBA Archaeology is our platform for presenting the results of our fieldwork. The contents consist mainly of reports on salvage archaeology projects conducted by Y.G. Archaeology under NGSBA oversight. But from time to time reports of our community archaeology and research projects will also be published. We will also accept field reports of projects executed by other organizations. The journal is peer reviewed, edited by David Ilan, the director of the NGSBA, and is overseen by a board of editors. It will appear more or less annually—depending on the quantity of material available for publication—in print and digital form. The digital version can be downloaded from our website for free."

Link

Link to Download:

Volume I (2012) - 6Mb

Volume II (2013) - 105Mb


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#4 Kay

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Posted 12 April 2014 - 05:57 AM

THE REAL FLOOD: SUBMERGED PREHISTORY

Article created on Thursday, April 10, 2014

"As a specialist in prehistoric underwater archaeology, Dr Jonathan Benjamin looks at rising sea levels differently from most people and his fascination with this global phenomenon began when as a PhD candidate at Edinburgh University he came across the work of the Danish archaeologists Anders Fischer and Søren H Anderson.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Fischer and Anderson recovered some of the most well preserved material ever seen from sites such as the 6,500-year-old settlement at Tybrind Vig.

This was the first submerged settlement excavated in Denmark and from 1977 was the scene of intensive archaeological activity. Lying 300m from the present shoreline and beneath 3 metres of water, divers excavated sensationally well-preserved artefacts from the Ertebølle Culture. This included dugout boats and decorated wooden paddles, and gave unprecedented insight into the everyday lives of the prehistoric societies of Northern Europe."

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#5 Kay

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Posted 29 April 2014 - 02:23 PM

Cold War Spy-Satellite Images Unveil Lost Cities

Cold War reconnaissance photos triple the number of known archaeology sites across the Middle East

By Dan Vergano
National Geographic
PUBLISHED APRIL 25, 2014

"A study of Cold War spy-satellite photos has tripled the number of known archaeological sites across the Middle East, revealing thousands of ancient cities, roads, canals, and other ruins.

In recent decades archaeologists have often used declassified satellite images to spot archaeological sites in Iraq, Turkey, and Syria. (Related: "'Lost' New England Revealed By High Tech Archaeology.")

But the new Corona Atlas of the Middle East, unveiled Thursday at the Society for American Archaeology's annual meeting, moves spy-satellite science to a new level. Surveying land from Egypt to Iran—and encompassing the Fertile Crescent, the renowned cradle of civilization and location of some of humanity's earliest cities—the atlas reveals numerous sites that had been lost to history.

"Some of these sites are gigantic, and they were completely unknown," says atlas-team archaeologist Jesse Casana of the University of Arkansas, who presented the results. "We can see all kinds of things—ancient roads and canals. The images provide a very comprehensive picture."

The team had started with a list of roughly 4,500 known archaeological sites across the Middle East, says Casana. The spy-satellite images revealed another 10,000 that had previously been unknown."

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#6 Kay

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Posted 30 June 2014 - 05:47 AM

Gardens of the Middle East

Niki Gamm

The Middle East has long had a tradition of ornate gardens, but certain differences are found when comparing Ottoman and Safavid gardens

June 21, 2014

"Few people know how ancient the word paradise is, that it has been traced to the Achaemenid dynasty that ruled the Middle East from the 8th century to the 4th century BC over an area that stretched from the Balkans to the Indus River Valley. The word is found in the Avestan and Median languages as pairidaēza – and means “walled garden.” This is hardly surprising because when nomadic groups settled down and began raising crops, it would be practical to erect fences to keep wild animals out and prevent them from eating the crops. Only later would these gardens taken on the aspect of a place in which to spend one’s leisure time.

Legends abound about the gardens of the Middle East, including the description of the Garden of Eden in the Jewish Old Testament, which has been speculatively located in the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (present day Iraq). Persian gardens are known to have existed as long ago as 4,000 BC. The Egyptians had gardens, especially around their temples, and probably these included herbs used for healing purposes. They also had private gardens. The ancient Greeks in contrast don’t seem to have been very interested in gardens, although they counted the Hanging Gardens of Babylon among the seven wonders of the ancient world. That is, the Greeks became interested in gardens after Alexander the Great conquered Persia, although we know Greek medical practitioners and physicians were keenly investigating the properties of herbs and other plants."

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#7 Kay

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Posted 07 July 2014 - 04:37 AM

UK Researcher Uses New Technology to Preserve Ancient Artifact

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 3, 2014) — "This July, a University of Kentucky professor is headed back to Lichfield Cathedral in England to continue a labor of love: digitizing the nearly 1,300-year-old St. Chad Gospels.

William Endres, an assistant professor in the College of Arts and Sciences Department of Writing, Rhetoric, and Digital Studies, has already captured multispectral and historical images of the St. Chad Gospels and rendered the manuscript in 3-D in 2010. However, he recently received a grant from the West Semitic Research Project to digitize the precious relic using a new technology called Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI).

To learn more, visit a podcast by Endres and a video that explains the process of 3-D rendering.

Endres said RTI was a necessary step in helping to preserve the priceless artifact. The manuscript has a long and turbulent history. The jeweled binding was likely torn off by marauding Vikings, and the delicate vellum pages have become warped over the years from water damage and ambient moisture. "Vellum absorbs water much more quickly than pigments; so as vellum expands, it puts stress on the pigments. When stress is placed on pigments, they crack. Once they crack sufficiently, chips of pigment break free," said Endres."

 

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#8 Kay

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Posted 13 August 2014 - 02:11 AM

'Evil Eye' Box and Other Ancient Treasures Found in Nile River Cemetery

By Owen Jarus, Live Science Contributor | August 12, 2014 08:14am ET

"A 2,000-year-old cemetery with several underground tombs has been discovered near the Nile River in Sudan.

Archaeologists excavated several of the underground tombs, finding artifacts such as a silver ring, engraved with an image of a god, and a faience box, decorated with large eyes, which a researcher believes protected against the evil eye.

Villagers discovered the cemetery accidently in 2002 while digging a ditch near the modern-day village of Dangeil, and archaeological excavations have been ongoing since then. The finds were reported recently in a new book.

The cemetery dates back to a time when a kingdom called Kush flourished in Sudan. Based in the ancient city of Meroe (just south of Dangeil) Kush controlled a vast territory; its northern border stretched to Roman-controlled Egypt. At times, it was ruled by a queen."

 

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#9 Kay

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Posted 26 August 2014 - 05:09 AM

06052014, Cover Stories, Daily News

Archaeological Finds of Ancient Arabia to be Shown

Fri, Aug 22, 2014
 
"Beginning October 11, 2014 and showing through June 7, 2015, The Smithsonian Institution will be exhibiting a selection of artifacts, film and photography from one of the largest archaeological expeditions to two ancient sites in present-day Yemen.
 
From 1949 to 1951, paleontologist and geologist Wendell Phillips led an expedition of scholars, scientists and technicians to what was then remote South Arabia on a quest to uncover two legendary cities—Timna, the capital of the Qataban kingdom, and Ma'rib, thought by some scholars to be the home of the Queen of Sheba."
 
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#10 Kay

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Posted 15 September 2014 - 06:36 AM

Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi
 
ANE Placemarks for Google Earth
 
"A preliminary set of placemarks (ANE.kmz) for Google Earth of a selection of the most important archaeological sites in the Ancient Near East can be downloaded here (as an alternative try right-click or ctrl-click).
 
ANE.kmz works with Google Earth, which has to be downloaded (free at earth.google.com). When opened inside Google Earth, ANE.kmz gives, to the left, an alphabetic list of ancient sites and, to the right, on the satellite photo the same sites marked. For the moment, there are some 2500 sites with modern names; among them some 400 have ancient names. Additions of more sites are planned."
 

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#11 Kay

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Posted 19 September 2014 - 01:34 PM

Fall 09012014, Cover Stories, Daily News
 
Kingdom of Kush Iron Industry Works Discovered
 
Mon, Sep 15, 2014
 
"New techniques developed at the University of Brighton to help archaeologists ‘see’ underground are starting to unlock the industrial secrets of an ancient civilisation.
 
The UCL Qatar research, investigating the iron industries of the Kingdom of Kush in Sudan, is attempting to identify 2000-year-old iron production workshops.
 
Working with colleagues from UCL Qatar, Dr Chris Carey, University of Brighton Senior Lecturer, has applied novel methods that have enabled archaeologists to map structures and deposits deep underground."
 

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#12 Kay

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Posted 01 November 2014 - 02:30 AM

By Mike Markowitz October 20, 2014
 
Small Change: The Tiniest Ancient Coins
 
CoinWeek Ancient Coin Series: By Mike Markowitz
 
“Parva Ne Pereant”
 

"In 2014 the British Royal Mint issued a gold proof 50p coin only 8 mm in diameter*, weighing in at 1/40 Troy ounce (0.8 grams.) This is the smallest coin the UK has ever struck and surely one of the smallest modern coins. For comparison, the smallest coin the US Mint has ever produced–the US gold dollar, struck in several designs from 1849 to 1889–weighed 1.672 grams and measured 12.7 to 14.3 mm."

 

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#13 Kay

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Posted 01 November 2014 - 02:36 AM

Experts in New Haven Working with Ancient Texts See Modern Connections

 

By Ed Stannard, New Haven Register
 
POSTED: 10/25/14, 4:21 PM EDT | UPDATED: 5 DAYS AGO

 

NEW HAVEN >> "Tasha Dobbin-Bennett picks up her tiny brush, moistens a minuscule fiber on a scrap of papyrus at least 1,800 years old and, using tweezers, bends it into its original position. A part of a letter in the ancient Greek document, which may have been a contract or a letter, becomes clear.
 
Each time Dobbin-Bennett does this, she makes it that much easier for scholars to fit a new piece into the puzzle of ancient history and literature.
 
“A scholar has expressed interest in publishing it. … It’s a very good text, it’s still in very good condition for readability,” she says of the papyrus. “The handwriting in this is not too bad” even though it’s written in a “quick running hand.”
 
Adding to the complexity is the fact that the text Dobbin-Bennett is teasing back together is written over an even older text. And the reverse of the layered papyrus also has been written on."
 

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#14 Kay

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Posted 01 November 2014 - 02:44 AM

Ancient Stone Circles in Mideast Baffle Archaeologists
 
by Owen Jarus, Live Science Contributor   |   October 30, 2014 07:49am ET
 
"Huge stone circles in the Middle East have been imaged from above, revealing details of structures that have been shrouded in mystery for decades.
 
Archaeologists in Jordan have taken high-resolution aerial images of 11 ancient "Big Circles," all but one of which are around 400 meters (1,312 feet) in diameter. Why they are so similar is unknown but the similarity seems “too close to be a coincidence" said researcher David Kennedy.
 
The Big Circles (as archaeologists call them) were built with low stone walls that are no more than a few feet high. The circles originally contained no openings, and people would have had to hop over the walls in order to get inside."
 

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#15 Kay

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Posted 05 November 2014 - 05:17 AM

Mega Wave Hit Oman's Coast 4,500 Years Ago
 
BY SARAH MACDONALD    |    NOVEMBER 03, 2014 , 7 : 37 AM GST    
 
Muscat: "Geologists from GUtech, in cooperation with archeologists from the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, have dug up evidence of a tsunami or severe storm that hit Ras Al Hadd about 4,500 years ago.
 
Speaking to the Times of Oman about the new research, Dr Goesta Hoffman, Associate Professor from the Applied Geosciences Department at GUtech, said there is evidence of major flooding at an archeological site in Ras Al Hadd, a village on the coast of Oman about 240km southeast of Muscat."
 

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#16 Kay

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Posted 30 December 2014 - 12:26 PM

The Online Battle for Papyrus Texts
 
Papyrus scrolls are also now increasingly desirable items in the distinctly 21st Century world of the online auction trade, writes Philip Sherwell

By Philip Sherwell, New York
 
7:00AM GMT 28 Dec 2014
 
"They are tattered yellowing fragments of bygone civilisations, ancient manuscripts that open a remarkable window on previous millennia, including the earliest days of Christianity.
 
But papyrus scrolls are also now increasingly hot items in the distinctly 21st Century world of the online auction trade.
 
A rectangular scrap measuring about 4.5 inches by 1.5 inches and featuring 15 partial lines of Homer’s epic poem The Iliad in the elegant hand of a 4th Century Egyptian scribe was just [DEC] picked up by an unidentified European buyer for £16,000 after a feverish Internet auction battle.
 
That price was way above the posted estimated but is typical of the sums that collectors will now spend to lay their hands on these fingerprints from the past.
 
Indeed, it is not just modern art that has been setting jaw-dropping records at auction recently - so have ancient scrolls."

 

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#17 Kay

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Posted 01 January 2015 - 03:25 AM

Biblical Archaeology’s Top Ten Discoveries of 2014
 
A glimpse at the important work that goes on at excavations every year.
 
Gordon Govier/ DECEMBER 30, 2014
 
"A flurry of year-end announcements provided some late-breaking additions to the list of archaeological discoveries made public in 2014. Below are the top ten findings of the broad variety of institutional and salvage excavations taking place in the lands of the Bible."
 

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#18 Kay

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Posted 01 January 2015 - 03:27 AM

Top 10 Biblical Archaeology Discoveries in 2014
 
Check out the archaeological finds that thrilled us this past year
 
Robin Ngo    •  12/29/2014
 
"From the translation of a Babylonian “Ark Tablet” to the resurfacing of a skeleton from Ur in a museum basement, 2014 was a year full of exciting Biblical archaeology discoveries and new interpretations. As we ring in the New Year, let’s take a look back at the top 10 finds that thrilled us in 2014."
 

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#19 Kay

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Posted 22 January 2015 - 05:06 AM

Mummy Mask May Reveal Oldest Known Gospel
 
by Owen Jarus, Live Science Contributor   |   January 18, 2015 04:21am ET
 
"A text that may be the oldest copy of a gospel known to exist — a fragment of the Gospel of Mark that was written during the first century, before the year 90 — is set to be published.
 
At present, the oldest surviving copies of the gospel texts date to the second century (the years 101 to 200).
 
This first-century gospel fragment was written on a sheet of papyrus that was later reused to create a mask that was worn by a mummy. Although the mummies of Egyptian pharaohs wore masks made of gold, ordinary people had to settle for masks made out of papyrus (or linen), paint and glue. Given how expensive papyrus was, people often had to reuse sheets that already had writing on them."
 

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#20 Kay

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Posted 21 February 2015 - 04:51 AM

Recording Endangered Archaeology of the Middle East and North Africa
 
Posted by Past Horizons, on February 20, 2015
 
"A project has been launched to record the archaeological heritage of the Middle East and North Africa, arguably the most significant region in the world for its archaeological remains. It is under increasing threat from massive and sustained population explosion, agricultural development, urban expansion, warfare, and looting.
 
The new project, entitled Endangered Archaeology, has been launched at Oxford and Leicester Universities, funded by the Arcadia Fund."

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#21 Kay

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Posted 01 March 2015 - 05:06 AM

By Questioning Conventional Wisdom, Archaeology’s Peter Magee Unearths the Arabian Peninsula’s Past
 
Posted February 27th, 2015 at 11:26 am.
 
"When most archaeologists look at a map of the Middle East, they’re drawn to hot excavation spots such as Mesopotamia and Egypt.
 
Not Bryn Mawr’s Peter Magee. The 47-year-old professor of Near Eastern archaeology prefers the Arabian Peninsula, an area that many scholars have ignored. Arabia, the argument has long gone, was nothing more than miles of “dreary desert,” as one academic put it in 1889. In other words, the region’s past seemed to offer little for scholarly exploration. It certainly didn’t have the complex social states of Mesopotamia or the hieroglyphs of Egypt.
 
When Magee, however, studies that same map, he sees something entirely different. “I kept looking at the map,” he says of his undergraduate days at the University of Sydney, “and thinking, ‘It’s very unlikely that there’s nothing there.'”
 
As an expert on the ancient Near East, Magee argues that the conventional dismissive view of the region is ‘simultaneously ethnocentric and stereotypical.’"
 

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#22 Kay

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Posted 04 March 2015 - 05:44 AM

Could Our Ancestors See blue? Ancient People Didn't Perceive the Colour Because They Didn't Have a Word for it, Say Scientists
 
  • Studies say language shapes what we see by making us focus on objects
  • Blue doesn't appear at all in Greek stories and other ancient written texts
  • As a result, scientists believe ancient civilisations didn't notice the colour 
  • Egyptians - who were the only culture that could produce blue dyes - were the first civilisation to have a word for the colour blue in 2500 BC 
  • The Himba people in Namibia do not have a word for blue and tests have shown they have difficulty distinguishing between green and blue 
 
By ELLIE ZOLFAGHARIFARD FOR DAILYMAIL.COM
 
PUBLISHED: 10:00 EST, 3 March 2015 | UPDATED: 13:01 EST, 3 March 2015
 

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#23 Kay

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Posted 05 March 2015 - 05:01 AM

Europe's Languages Were Carried From the East, DNA Shows
 
The new settlers, revealed by a genetic analysis, may solve a mystery swirling around the origins of Indo-European languages.
 
By Andrew Curry
for National Geographic
PUBLISHED MARCH 3, 2015
 
"New DNA evidence suggests that herders from the grasslands of today's Russia and Ukraine carried the roots of modern European languages across the continent some 4,500 years ago."

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#24 Kay

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Posted 26 March 2015 - 02:39 AM

Of interest (the early date collecting Christian relics)?
 
BULGARIAN ARCHAEOLOGISTS FIND LEAD RELIQUARY WITH ASHES FROM JOHN THE APOSTLE’S GRAVE DURING EXCAVATIONS OF ANCIENT FORTRESS BURGOS (POROS)
 
March 25, 2015 · by Ivan Dikov · in Ancient Rome, Byzantine Empire
 
"Ashes from the grave of John the Apostle, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, have been discovered in a lead tube reliquary by Bulgarian archaeologists during excavations of the ancient and medieval port of Burgos (also known as Poros) on Cape Foros in today’s Black Sea city of Burgas.
 
The discovery of the lead tube containing ashes from the grave of John the Apostle, who is known as St. John the Theologian in Bulgarian (Eastern) Orthodox Christianity, located in the ancient city of Ephesus in Anatolia, today’s Turkey, has been made during the 2014 excavations of the fortress of Burgos (or Poros) on Cape Foros in Burgas but was announced only on Wednesday, March 25, 2015, by Milen Nikolov, Director of the Burgas Regional Museum of History, at a special press conference."
 

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#25 Kay

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Posted 26 April 2015 - 05:11 AM

Ships on Ancient Coins
 

By Mike Markowitz April 20, 2015

 

“We keep you alive to serve this ship. So row well and live.” – Quintus Arrius, Ben Hur (1959)
 
"BY THE SIXTH CENTURY BCE, when coinage came into wide use in the Mediterranean world, ships had evolved to a high technical level. Most ships on ancient coins are rowing galleys: big, fragile racing shells designed for ramming. Rowers were free citizens, often highly trained athletes. Hollywood, as usual with history, gets it wrong; galley slaves were a medieval innovation rarely employed in the ancient world. Cargo ships, which relied more on sails, were not symbols of power and appear on coins less often."

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#26 Kay

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Posted 22 May 2015 - 08:33 AM

'Eternal Flames' of Ancient Times Could Spark Interest of Modern Geologists
 
Date: May 18, 2015
 
Source: Springer Science+Business Media
 
Summary: "Gas and oil seeps have been part of religious and cultural practices for thousands of years. Seeps from which gas and oil escape were formative to many ancient cultures and societies. They gave rise to legends surrounding the Delphi Oracle, Chimaera fires and "eternal flames" that were central to ancient religious practices - from Indonesia and Iran to Italy and Azerbaijan."

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#27 Kay

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Posted 26 May 2015 - 12:07 PM

New Technology Allows Archaeologists to Easily Map Excavation Sites in 3D
 
May 25, 2015 by Steinar Brandslet
 
"Mapping archaeological digs takes plenty of time and a lot of measuring, photographing, drawing and note taking. Now, most of this work can be done with a technique called photogrammetry.
 
Photogrammetry is a method that uses two dimensional images of an archaeological find to construct a 3D model.
 
You don't need and special glasses or advanced equipment to use make use of this new technique. Together with precise measurements of the excavation, photogrammetry can create a complete detailed map of an archaeological excavation site.
 
"This is still a very new technique," say archaeologists Raymond Sauvage and Fredrik Skoglund of NTNU University Museum."
 

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#28 Kay

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Posted 26 May 2015 - 12:10 PM

Spring 2015, Cover Stories, Daily News
 
Ancient Mummies Meet Modern Medicine with “The Anatomy of the Mummy”
 
Fri, May 22, 2015 
 
Co-edited by Penn Museum Curator Janet Monge, Publication Follows Earlier Penn Museum Symposium Exploring Range of Techniques to Study Mummies
 
"PHILADELPHIA, PA May 22, 2015—Mummies are fascinating to the general public. It turns out they are fascinating to scientists, too. Anthropologists, archaeologists and doctors and researchers in the medical community have been coming together for decades, now, engaging in interdisciplinary exploration of mummies from all over the world. What have they learned? What can modern medical techniques applied to long deceased humans tell us—and what techniques and practices hold the best promise for scholars eager to unwrap more about the human experience in the past?"

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#29 Kay

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Posted 02 June 2015 - 09:31 AM

Medicine’s Hidden Roots in an Ancient Manuscript
 
By MARK SCHROPE
 
JUNE 1, 2015
 
"The first time Grigory Kessel held the ancient manuscript, its animal-hide pages more than 1,000 years old, it seemed oddly familiar.
 
A Syriac scholar at Philipps University in Marburg, Germany, Dr. Kessel was sitting in the library of the manuscript’s owner, a wealthy collector of rare scientific material in Baltimore. At that moment, Dr. Kessel realized that just three weeks earlier, in a library at Harvard University, he had seen a single orphaned page that was too similar to these pages to be coincidence."
 

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#30 Kay

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Posted 18 June 2015 - 01:55 PM

Hidden Secrets of Yale’s 1491 World Map Revealed Via Multispectral Imaging
 
By Mike Cummings
 
June 11, 2015
 
"Henricus Martellus, a German cartographer working in Florence in the late 15th century, produced a highly detailed map of the known world. According to experts, there is strong evidence that Christopher Columbus studied this map and that it influenced his thinking before his fateful voyage.
 
Martellus’ map arrived at Yale in 1962, the gift of an anonymous donor. Scholars at the time hailed the map’s importance and argued that it could provide a missing link to the cartographic record at the dawn of the Age of Discovery. However, five centuries of fading and scuffing had rendered much of the map’s text and other details illegible or invisible, limiting its research value."

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