News items relating to recent discoveries in other countries (uncategorised) including the Jews and Jewish Nation and up-dates of past discoveries.
Archaeological News - General
Posted 01 January 2014 - 02:28 AM
Posted 03 January 2014 - 08:44 AM
Money Talks When Ancient Antioch Meets Google Earth
UC research puts a high-tech spin on studying the ancient world in a project that could affect how historians analyze data. WATCH as Google Earth zooms along the boundaries of ancient Antioch in 30 seconds.
Date: 1/2/2014 9:45:00 AM
"There's a map of an ancient Syrian trade route that shows how one city's political sway extended farther than once thought.
This map isn't a time-worn and mysterious etching on a stone tablet. Turns out it's easily found on a different type of tablet – the kind with apps.
With the swipe of a finger, the University of Cincinnati's Kristina Neumann can zoom along the boundaries of ancient Antioch during the beginning of Roman takeover thanks to the modern cartography of Google Earth software. The simplicity with which she flicks across the Middle Eastern landscape belies the depth of information available at her fingertips and the effort that's gone into her research.
"I trace the process of change by working with historical proxies, in this case coins," says Neumann, a doctoral candidate in the McMicken College of Arts & Sciences Department of Classics. "I created my own database from previously published excavation reports and lists of coin hoards, and imported it to Google Earth. My criteria are so detailed that I can see all the coins for a particular emperor or of a particular material."
She hopes this visual, interactive way of presenting the ancient world inspires other historians to get more creative in today's "there's an app for that" world."
Posted 19 January 2014 - 04:07 AM
"NGSBA Archaeology is our platform for presenting the results of our fieldwork. The contents consist mainly of reports on salvage archaeology projects conducted by Y.G. Archaeology under NGSBA oversight. But from time to time reports of our community archaeology and research projects will also be published. We will also accept field reports of projects executed by other organizations. The journal is peer reviewed, edited by David Ilan, the director of the NGSBA, and is overseen by a board of editors. It will appear more or less annually—depending on the quantity of material available for publication—in print and digital form. The digital version can be downloaded from our website for free."
Link to Download:
Volume I (2012) - 6Mb
Volume II (2013) - 105Mb
Posted 12 April 2014 - 05:57 AM
THE REAL FLOOD: SUBMERGED PREHISTORY
Article created on Thursday, April 10, 2014
"As a specialist in prehistoric underwater archaeology, Dr Jonathan Benjamin looks at rising sea levels differently from most people and his fascination with this global phenomenon began when as a PhD candidate at Edinburgh University he came across the work of the Danish archaeologists Anders Fischer and Søren H Anderson.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Fischer and Anderson recovered some of the most well preserved material ever seen from sites such as the 6,500-year-old settlement at Tybrind Vig.
This was the first submerged settlement excavated in Denmark and from 1977 was the scene of intensive archaeological activity. Lying 300m from the present shoreline and beneath 3 metres of water, divers excavated sensationally well-preserved artefacts from the Ertebølle Culture. This included dugout boats and decorated wooden paddles, and gave unprecedented insight into the everyday lives of the prehistoric societies of Northern Europe."
Posted 29 April 2014 - 02:23 PM
Cold War Spy-Satellite Images Unveil Lost Cities
Cold War reconnaissance photos triple the number of known archaeology sites across the Middle East
By Dan Vergano
PUBLISHED APRIL 25, 2014
"A study of Cold War spy-satellite photos has tripled the number of known archaeological sites across the Middle East, revealing thousands of ancient cities, roads, canals, and other ruins.
In recent decades archaeologists have often used declassified satellite images to spot archaeological sites in Iraq, Turkey, and Syria. (Related: "'Lost' New England Revealed By High Tech Archaeology.")
But the new Corona Atlas of the Middle East, unveiled Thursday at the Society for American Archaeology's annual meeting, moves spy-satellite science to a new level. Surveying land from Egypt to Iran—and encompassing the Fertile Crescent, the renowned cradle of civilization and location of some of humanity's earliest cities—the atlas reveals numerous sites that had been lost to history.
"Some of these sites are gigantic, and they were completely unknown," says atlas-team archaeologist Jesse Casana of the University of Arkansas, who presented the results. "We can see all kinds of things—ancient roads and canals. The images provide a very comprehensive picture."
The team had started with a list of roughly 4,500 known archaeological sites across the Middle East, says Casana. The spy-satellite images revealed another 10,000 that had previously been unknown."
Posted 30 June 2014 - 05:47 AM
Gardens of the Middle East
The Middle East has long had a tradition of ornate gardens, but certain differences are found when comparing Ottoman and Safavid gardens
June 21, 2014
"Few people know how ancient the word paradise is, that it has been traced to the Achaemenid dynasty that ruled the Middle East from the 8th century to the 4th century BC over an area that stretched from the Balkans to the Indus River Valley. The word is found in the Avestan and Median languages as pairidaēza – and means “walled garden.” This is hardly surprising because when nomadic groups settled down and began raising crops, it would be practical to erect fences to keep wild animals out and prevent them from eating the crops. Only later would these gardens taken on the aspect of a place in which to spend one’s leisure time.
Legends abound about the gardens of the Middle East, including the description of the Garden of Eden in the Jewish Old Testament, which has been speculatively located in the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (present day Iraq). Persian gardens are known to have existed as long ago as 4,000 BC. The Egyptians had gardens, especially around their temples, and probably these included herbs used for healing purposes. They also had private gardens. The ancient Greeks in contrast don’t seem to have been very interested in gardens, although they counted the Hanging Gardens of Babylon among the seven wonders of the ancient world. That is, the Greeks became interested in gardens after Alexander the Great conquered Persia, although we know Greek medical practitioners and physicians were keenly investigating the properties of herbs and other plants."
Posted 07 July 2014 - 04:37 AM
UK Researcher Uses New Technology to Preserve Ancient Artifact
LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 3, 2014) — "This July, a University of Kentucky professor is headed back to Lichfield Cathedral in England to continue a labor of love: digitizing the nearly 1,300-year-old St. Chad Gospels.
William Endres, an assistant professor in the College of Arts and Sciences Department of Writing, Rhetoric, and Digital Studies, has already captured multispectral and historical images of the St. Chad Gospels and rendered the manuscript in 3-D in 2010. However, he recently received a grant from the West Semitic Research Project to digitize the precious relic using a new technology called Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI).
To learn more, visit a podcast by Endres and a video that explains the process of 3-D rendering.
Endres said RTI was a necessary step in helping to preserve the priceless artifact. The manuscript has a long and turbulent history. The jeweled binding was likely torn off by marauding Vikings, and the delicate vellum pages have become warped over the years from water damage and ambient moisture. "Vellum absorbs water much more quickly than pigments; so as vellum expands, it puts stress on the pigments. When stress is placed on pigments, they crack. Once they crack sufficiently, chips of pigment break free," said Endres."
Posted 13 August 2014 - 02:11 AM
'Evil Eye' Box and Other Ancient Treasures Found in Nile River Cemetery
By Owen Jarus, Live Science Contributor | August 12, 2014 08:14am ET
"A 2,000-year-old cemetery with several underground tombs has been discovered near the Nile River in Sudan.
Archaeologists excavated several of the underground tombs, finding artifacts such as a silver ring, engraved with an image of a god, and a faience box, decorated with large eyes, which a researcher believes protected against the evil eye.
Villagers discovered the cemetery accidently in 2002 while digging a ditch near the modern-day village of Dangeil, and archaeological excavations have been ongoing since then. The finds were reported recently in a new book.
The cemetery dates back to a time when a kingdom called Kush flourished in Sudan. Based in the ancient city of Meroe (just south of Dangeil) Kush controlled a vast territory; its northern border stretched to Roman-controlled Egypt. At times, it was ruled by a queen."
Posted 26 August 2014 - 05:09 AM
06052014, Cover Stories, Daily News
Archaeological Finds of Ancient Arabia to be Shown
Fri, Aug 22, 2014
"Beginning October 11, 2014 and showing through June 7, 2015, The Smithsonian Institution will be exhibiting a selection of artifacts, film and photography from one of the largest archaeological expeditions to two ancient sites in present-day Yemen.
From 1949 to 1951, paleontologist and geologist Wendell Phillips led an expedition of scholars, scientists and technicians to what was then remote South Arabia on a quest to uncover two legendary cities—Timna, the capital of the Qataban kingdom, and Ma'rib, thought by some scholars to be the home of the Queen of Sheba."
Posted 15 September 2014 - 06:36 AM
Posted 19 September 2014 - 01:34 PM
Posted 01 November 2014 - 02:30 AM
"In 2014 the British Royal Mint issued a gold proof 50p coin only 8 mm in diameter*, weighing in at 1/40 Troy ounce (0.8 grams.) This is the smallest coin the UK has ever struck and surely one of the smallest modern coins. For comparison, the smallest coin the US Mint has ever produced–the US gold dollar, struck in several designs from 1849 to 1889–weighed 1.672 grams and measured 12.7 to 14.3 mm."
Posted 01 November 2014 - 02:36 AM
Experts in New Haven Working with Ancient Texts See Modern Connections
Posted 01 November 2014 - 02:44 AM
Posted 05 November 2014 - 05:17 AM
Posted 30 December 2014 - 12:26 PM
By Philip Sherwell, New York
Posted 01 January 2015 - 03:25 AM
Posted 01 January 2015 - 03:27 AM
Posted 22 January 2015 - 05:06 AM
Posted 21 February 2015 - 04:51 AM
Posted 01 March 2015 - 05:06 AM
Posted 04 March 2015 - 05:44 AM
- Studies say language shapes what we see by making us focus on objects
- Blue doesn't appear at all in Greek stories and other ancient written texts
- As a result, scientists believe ancient civilisations didn't notice the colour
- Egyptians - who were the only culture that could produce blue dyes - were the first civilisation to have a word for the colour blue in 2500 BC
- The Himba people in Namibia do not have a word for blue and tests have shown they have difficulty distinguishing between green and blue
Posted 05 March 2015 - 05:01 AM
Posted 26 March 2015 - 02:39 AM
Posted 26 April 2015 - 05:11 AM
By Mike Markowitz April 20, 2015
Posted 22 May 2015 - 08:33 AM
Posted 26 May 2015 - 12:07 PM
Posted 26 May 2015 - 12:10 PM
Posted 02 June 2015 - 09:31 AM
Posted 18 June 2015 - 01:55 PM
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