The relationship of God with Jesus Refs

An only son who was perfectly faithful and obedient—exactly fulfilling all his father’s wishes and clearly reffecting his father’s love for the world. In this way the Bible presents God’s only begotten son, Jesus. The relationship between God and Jesus is that of a loving and devoted father with his perfectly obedient son. This relationship is shown as the greatest relationship—a perfect example for us to follow.

Matthew 3:13–17

When Jesus was about 30 years old, he was ready to embark on the mission his father had planned for him. He was to become the preacher who changed the whole world, and all his work had been laid out before him by God—to fulfil all righteousness. Jesus was not baptised for repentance or forgiveness as we are, but as part of showing obedience and his love for his father. God showed his feelings for his son in the words spoken from heaven: “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased” A loving father praising his obedient son for all to hear.

1. Why was God so pleased when his son was baptised?
2. This was not the first time that God had spoken about people being his children (see Isaiah 45:11). In what way was God’s relationship with Jesus different from his relationship with others he had spoken of as his children?
3. Soon after Jesus’ baptism, John the Baptist spoke of him as the lamb of God (John 1:29,36). What does this description show us about the relationship between God and Jesus?

God’s beloved son
On several occasions during the life of Jesus, God spoke of him as his beloved son. After announcing his birth to shepherds and wise men, God’s love for Jesus was shown in the early warning given to Joseph to allow the family to escape from Herod into Egypt (Matthew 2:13–18).
See Chapter 32. Jesus: Son of God and Son of Man

On their return to Israel, God directed the family to Nazareth where Jesus could grow up in safety. As Jesus grew, he became even more pleasing to God. He grew in wisdom; he grew in love for his father. For him, it was natural (at 12 years old) to speak of the temple in Jerusalem as “his Father’s house”. It was natural for him to want to be there spending time with his father. All children grow and learn and Jesus learned that his father was also his God and must be obeyed. We know very little of this time in Jesus’ life, but we are left with the simple message that he “grew in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and men”.
Luke 2:41–52

Jesus’ references to God and their relationship
My God   Mt 27:46 (2x); Rev 3:12 (4x)
My God and your God   John 20:17
My Father   Matt 16:17; 18:19; Luke 2:49
The Father loves the Son   John 3:35; 5:20; 10:17
The Father sent me   Luke 4:43; John 5:37; 6:57; 8:42; 10:36; 12:49; 17:21,25; 20:21
The Son can do only what he sees his Father doing   John 5:19
My Father is greater than I   John 14:28
I live because of the Father   John 6:57
I and the Father are one   John 10:30
All things have been committed to me by my Father   Matt 11:27
To sit at my right or left is not for me to grant [but for my Father]   Matt 20:23
Not my will but yours [God’s] be done   Luke 22:42

Learning obedience through suffering
Through his time of witness, with its joys and suffering, Jesus learned how much was required of him to obey his father.
Hebrews 5:8 His frequent references to God show his understanding of his position before God. He spoke of himself as sent by God; unable to do anything without God; his judgement was God’s judgement. He said that his father was greater than he was. As a servant of God, he had a job to do and he did it.

At the transfiguration and later in Gethsemane, God was very close to his son. In very special ways, he showed his willingness to help Jesus to face with courage the terrible suffering of dying on a cross. Sadly, because of the sin of mankind, there could be no other way—Jesus must die for the world. The duty of Jesus as a beloved son was to obey his father to the end and to learn obedience by the things he suffered.

The Trinity
Almost all churches teach that Jesus and his Father are both part of “the godhead” along with the Holy Spirit, three persons in one. The Athanasian Creed is a widely accepted statement of this doctrine produced in about AD 500. It states that Jesus, his Father and the Holy Spirit are all “co-equal”, “co-eternal”, “uncreated”, “Almighty” and “God”. These ideas are not found in Scripture. Jesus never claimed to be co-equal with God; he consistently said “My Father is greater than I” (e.g. John 14:28). He even calls him “my God” (John 20:17; Revelation 3:12). Nor does the Bible teach that Jesus is co-eternal with God or uncreated; he began life as a baby on earth whereas his Father has always existed.

Differences between God and Jesus

There are a number of obvious differences between God and Jesus:

God cannot be tempted
(James 1:13)
  Jesus was “tempted in every way just as we are”
(Hebrews 4:15)
God cannot die
(1 Timothy 6:16)
  Jesus died
(1 Corinthians 15:3–4)
God knows everything
(1 John 3:20)
  Jesus learned
(John 15:15)
God has always been exalted
(Psa 92:8; Dan 4:34)
  God exalted Jesus
(Acts 5:31; Philippians 2:9)

What other differences can you find?

Taken up into glory
After the resurrection, Jesus was received into heaven to sit at God’s right hand, never to suffer death again. God had promised that if he laid down his life for the world he would live again. Early in the morning on the third day after Jesus died on the cross, God Fulfilled his promise and raised his son to give him a position above everything else in the universe. Jesus became the only mediator between mankind and God; high priest and saviour through whom all must repent and seek forgiveness. Jesus had become completely at one with his Father.
Philippians 2:9–11, 1 Timothy 2:5 , Hebrews 4:14–15; Acts 5:30–31

Coming again
Jesus is coming again. He will leave his father’s side to rule over the world with a rod of iron until the last enemy (death) is destroyed. After death is destroyed, Jesus will pass a perfect kingdom over to his father. He will remain powerful, subject only to God.
1 Corinthians 15:24–28

As a father, God: As a son, Jesus:
• loved his son Jesus; • honoured and loved his God and father;
• directed and commanded his son; • actively sought out his father’s wishes;
• helped his son in all things; • obeyed his father despite the suffering this brought;
• rewarded his son for obedience. • accepted his father’s love and blessings and waits to be given a kingdom.

1. God spoke from heaven a few times during the ministry of Jesus. Find all of the cases and look at what God said about his son. For whose benefit were these things said?
2. In John 5:18 the Jews believed that in claiming to be God’s son, Jesus was making himself equal with God.
Jesus gives an answer in verse 19. Does he say that the Jews were right?

1. When Jesus became a mediator between us and his father, how was his relationship with his father changed?
2. God’s relationship with Jesus is the perfect example of a father/son relationship. What can we learn from this to apply in our lives?

• BB Study 8.5
• The Christadelphians: what they believe and preach by Harry Tennant (published by The Christadelphian, 1986), Chapter 11 “The Christ: whose son is he?”. 10 pages.
• Wrested scriptures by Ron Abel (published by The Christadelphians, Pasadena). Pages 185–210 deal with passages that are frequently misinterpreted by people who believe that Jesus is equal with God.

30. Old Testament prophecies of Jesus
31. Jesus as Messiah
32. Jesus: Son of God and Son of Man