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Micah

Author – Micah
Time – 735 to 700 B.C.

Summary – Micah, who was contemporary with Isaiah, was to the southern kingdom of Judah what Amos was previously to the northern kingdom of Israel. Both were fierce critics of the rich and powerful who exploited the poor. Though Micahís prophecies refer especially to Judah, they concern all of Israel. Micahís leading ideas are the regeneration of Israelís remnant through judgement, the establishment of the Kingdom of God in the line of David, and the conversion of the nations through that Kingdom. The conclusion of his prophecy is a triumphant expression of faith, which is seen in its true quality against the background of the materialism and the corruption of the reign of Ahaz.

Superscription to the prophecy – Chapter 1 v 1

Approaching judgement of Israel and Judah because of persistent sin – Chapter 1 v 2 to 16
Passage
Subject
1 v 2 The call to attention
1 v 3 to 4 Terrible coming of God announced and described
1 v 5 Sins of the capital city representative of those of the nation
1 v 6 to 7 Fearful consequences of this judgement
1 v 8 to 16 The prophetís reaction and his vision of this judgement

Doom of corrupt oppressors and false prophets
– Chapter 2 v 1 to 3 v 12
Passage
Subject
2 v 1 to 5 Woe upon the land monopolisers
2 v 6 to 13 False preaching of lying prophets
3 v 1 to 7 Denunciation of the leaders of the people
3 v 8 Micahís consciousness of power from the spirit of God
3 v 9 to 12 Gross sin and crime to bring destruction upon Jerusalem

Vision of hope from the coming one – Chapter 4 v 1 to 5 v 15
Passage
Subject
4 v 1 to 5 v 1 Final triumph of Jerusalem
5 v 2 to 15 Coming mighty leader to be born in Bethlehem and to restore Israel.

The Lordís case against Israel – Chapter 6 v 1 to 7 v 20
Passage
Subject
6 v 1 to 5 First complaint of God
6 v 6 to 8 Israelís first reply
6 v 9 to 16 Second complaint of God
7 v 1 to 10 Israelís second reply – a confession of sin
7 v 11 to 13 Israelís promised blessing – follow judgement
7 v 14 to 17 Final plea for Israel to be gathered from many nations
7 v 18 to 20 Doxology: The triumph of grace

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