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Galatians

Author – Paul
Time – 48 – 50 A.D.

Summary – The letter to the churches in Galatia focuses on the divisions that Jewish Christians were causing among new Gentile converts. These Judaisers were trying to convince the Gentiles that first, Paul’s authority was given by men and not by God, and secondly, that they needed to be circumcised and to keep the ritual law in order to be saved. Paul argues that both Jew and Gentile alike enjoy in Christ complete salvation. Through Christ they can be justified, that is, reckoned right with God, by association with the Promises made to Abraham. Reliance on the Law would only lead to death, and could not produce life–giving freedom, as only Christ could grant that freedom. Paul was showing that all legalistic variations of the Gospel are perversions of it and should be shown as such.

Key Verses – "If righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain" Galatians 2 v 21

"Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness" Galatians 3 v 6

"We ... wait for the hope of righteousness by faith" Galatians 5 v 5

Introduction and salutation – Chapter 1 v 1 to 5

The purpose of the letter – Chapter 1 v 6 to 9

Personal details – Illustrating the authenticity of Paul’s Gospel – Chapter 1 v 10 – 2 v 21

Doctrinal – A declaration of the Gospel – Chapter 3 v 1 to 4 v 31
Passage
Subject

3 v 1 to 14

Justification by faith

3 v 15 to 29

Faith’s relation to the law

4 v 1 to 31

Relationship of faith to the law illustrated


Practical – the demands of the Gospel – Chapter 5 v 1 to 6 v 10
Passage
Subject

5 v 1 to 12

The call to liberty

5 v 13 to 26

Liberty in reality

6 v 1 to 10

Freedom in Christ must be mutually enjoyed

Concluding review – Chapter 6 v 11 to 18

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