This word occurs only twice in the KJV: in Deuteronomy 2:30,
when God made the king of Heshbon 'obstinate' so that he refused
Israel passage through his land, and so brought about the
invasion and occupation of his country; and in Isaiah 48:4,
where God calls His people Israel 'obstinate' because they
refused to acknowledge Him, and attributed all their success
The NIV substitutes 'stubborn', which has the same meaning.
To be 'hard' or 'hardhearted' conveys the same idea. In Deuteronomy
9:27 Moses pleads with God to "overlook the stubbornness
of this people" whom He had delivered from Egypt, and
the writer to the Hebrews pleads with us: "do not harden
your hearts" against God (in Hebrews 4:7), as a whole
generation of Israel did, and as the result were excluded
from entering the promised land.
Other Hebrew words are translated 'stubborn', for example:
"If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does
not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them
when they discipline him, his father and mother shall take
hold of him and bring him to the elders at the gate of his
" (Deuteronomy 21:18-19).